How to plaster the ceiling?
Repairs / / August 12, 2017
- trowel, chisel
- Sokol (a simple apparatus for carrying plaster or selection of the incident solution)
- poluterok, sandblaster
Ceilings can be both concrete and wood.Before plaster ceiling, it is necessary to prepare - to remove the remains of old plaster, if it was, or prepare for the application of the new ceiling.
concrete ceiling must be cleaned of dirt, dust, grease and bitumen.The best thing to do is sandblasted or ordinary water under pressure.Next, you apply a chisel or Bouchard notches.Soot, drips and paint is removed from the ceiling using metal brushes or scrapers.
If the ceiling is wood, then to give it roughness (to keep the solution), stuffed shingle panels with a mesh size of 45 by 45 millimeters.Before packing shingles to reduce sound and heat conduction in the design pull burlap, felt or antiseptic mat.
After the preliminary work on the preparation of the ceiling finished, ready to install beacons - an important and
Lighthouses are a guide, which will generally move during leveling solution.Beacons can be wooden, metal or from a solution (usually made of gypsum).Nonprofessionals best done plaster or wooden lighthouses.The most rational distance between beacons - one and a half or two meters.The best thing at this stage to take advantage of the advice of experienced people.
next step - preparing plaster directly to the primer.He must resemble the consistency of sour cream on her.Then proceed to plastering.
It should be remembered that the plaster layers are applied to the ceiling at regular intervals: cement - in two to six hours, lime-plaster - seven to fifteen minutes, lime - after whitewashing layer and part of its drying.
Plastering is done in two ways - for spraying and smearing.Steps should be such:
first layer - is applied by spraying evenly with a continuous layer and is leveled.
The second layer - the plaster is applied to the scratch coat in one or more layers, observing the necessary period.Each layer should be leveled.It made it with the help of plaster blade trowel.Particular care is necessary to flatten the last layer of primer, then it is necessary to check the control rule.This makes it easier to apply skim coat.
Apply skim coat.Usually this whitewash, or latex paint in two layers.
Usually professionals above procedures take between four and six hours, depending on the floor area, the composition of the plaster, and so on.However, newcomers will have to work longer.Plaster ceiling, constantly lifting his head up enough labor-intensive process.Care must be taken to render the particles do not fall on the hair, hands and eyes, so it is necessary to work in a scarf, face mask, goggles and gloves.
And finally, I must say a few words about what the benefits have plastered ceilings.First - this is the price of inexpensive materials.Secondly, the space savings.Plastering ceiling allows to reduce the loss of usable space space to a minimum.Typically, a layer of plaster, in most cases less than three centimeters.Thirdly, it is the versatility.Plasters can be applied to almost any surface.It is only necessary to choose the right composition of the mixture is well prepared to comply with the ceiling and the whole technological process.
In general, if you are not afraid of difficulties, get to work!Good luck!