How has the geography ?
Interesting Facts / / August 12, 2017
- Ancient History
- History of the Middle Ages
- History of the Russian State
Like any science, geography has its own history.Anyway, geography accompanied by a person from the moment of self-awareness.Once a person is interested in their own surroundings of the cave, and there was this science.To know the stages of development of geography, you will need to read the following:
first cards were made in the form of cave paintings, on scraps of animal skin and bark.On these maps were drawn by ancient people vital to their life objects, such as water sources, places of animal pastures, hunting grounds and natural shelter.Primitive maps arose long before the appearance of even the rudiments of writing, which played an important role in the survival of mankind as a species.
In ancient Egypt already appeared rudiments of the inventory service.Start using land survey.In addition, there were conducted observations of celestial objects, which were compiled on the
The first theory is that the Earth is a ball, put forward by the ancient Greeks.They also built the first model of the globe, and said that it is our planet moves around the sun and not vice versa as was thought before.It was a period of about 200 years BC, it is considered a turning point in the development of geography.
To find out how to develop the geography of the Middle Ages, it is not necessary to raise the entire layers of history.Everyone has heard the names of the travelers like Marco Polo, Vasco da Gama, Magellan and Columbus.It should be noted that the development of geography in the Middle Ages took place against the background of general decline and feudal isolation that did not prevent travelers and navigators to find new ways.
this historical period of humanity still bears the name of the era of great discoveries.It should be noted that all the great discoveries in the field of geography were made with only one purpose - the search for the shortest routes to the rich lands.It was the beginning of development and economic geography.
In Russia this science as never remained in oblivion.How did the geography, and the direction of its development shows such famous Russian explorers like hiking Erofey Khabarov, Ermak and Dezhnev.The first map of the "Big figure of the Russian state" was painted back in 1552, which is then constantly updated.The flowering of geography, which began in the Middle Ages, is still ongoing.
Geography has become so capacious science that now there are many of its divisions, which determine not only the physical placement of various natural objects on the surface of the globe.Such topics as the political and economic geography rightfully uchuvstvuyut in the study of human activity and have the most direct and immediate part in our lives.